While traveling in central Romania, we ran across a narrow valley with shallow groundwater. Several of the farms along the roadway had gemeskuts. They are being used for stockwatering.
The gemeskut has a history that goes back to ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The Arab name for the counterpoise lift is shadoof or shaduf.
The gemeskut or shadoof is still widely used in Eastern Europe, Africa, and Asia to raise water from shallow groundwater, ponds, and rivers. Wikipedia labels it an irrigation tool, but today it seems frustrating slow for that application. It would seem more useful for stockwatering.